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SELECTION OF COTTON FABRICS
By Ruth O’Brien, Senior Textile Chemist, in Charge of Division of Textiles and Clothing, Bureau of Home Economics



CONTENTS

Page | Page

Appropriate fabrics for various uses 1 | Finishing 12

Fabric Construction 2 |
    Judging the finishing
14

    Fiber
2 | Dyes 15

    Yarn
2 |
    Substantive dyes
18

Weaves 7 |
    Adjective dyes
18

    Judging the weave
11 |
    Judging the fastness of the color

18

Knitted fabrics 12 | Glossary of some common cotton fabrics 19


OVER eight billion square yards of cotton goods are manufactured and used in this country annually. The great variety of materials and qualities available each season is ample proof of the efficiency of the industry. However, this variety is in itself confusing to the needs of an individual or a family requires careful thought.

APPROPRIATE FABRICS FOR VARIOUS USES

A fabric must be suitable for the purpose intended or it will not be satisfactory. Cotton, because it is durable, low in cost, and adaptable to many methods of cloth construction, is suitable for an enormous variety of purposes, as shown by the large number of named cotton fabrics on the market. The following list, classified according to suitability, includes the more standard fabrics, but does not, of course, give those that come and go each season. Names such as “flaxon,” “Indian linon,” and “silkaline” have been omitted purposedly, since their use in connection with fabrics composed entirely of cotton is not considered advisable. All textile trade-mark names are also omitted. Definitions of the standard names are given on pages 19 to 22.

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING (COATS, SUITS, AND OTHER WRAPS)

For women and children. – Bedford cord, cordury, crash, denim, duck, drill, piqué, pongee (cotton), poplin.
For infants. – Bedford cord, cordury, gabardine, galatea, piqué, pongee (cotton), poplin, serge (cotton).

OUTERCLOTHING

Dresses for women and girls. – Agaric, albatross (cotton), calico, Bedford cord, challie (cotton), chambray, chintz, crash, crêpe, dimity, duck, éponge, ètamine, foulard (cotton), gabardine, galatea, gingham, granite cloth, grenadine, lawn, middle twill, organdie, percale, piqué, pongee (cotton), poplin, ratiné, seersucker, serge (cotton), swiss, voile.

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